In 1807 Sir Humphry Davy became the first to prepare sodium in its elemental form, applying electrolysis to fused sodium hydroxide (NaOH). Sodium is an alkali metal, being in group 1 of the periodic table. At room temperature Sodium is soft, silvery-white metal which can be easily cut with a knife. It will float on water. Sodium chloride is common table salt which is important in animal nutrition. It is abundant in the sun and other stars. For each compound, a formal oxidation number for sodium is given, but the usefulness of this number is limited for p-block elements in particular. When sodium bicarbonate is dissolved in water, it produces a fizzing reaction. It is a soft, silvery-white, highly reactive metal. in nature sodium is fount in soda niter, cryolite, amphibole and zeolite. Sodium. Atomic Number – Protons, Electrons and Neutrons in Sodium. The basic metabolic panel includes tests for: This is a group of related tests. Wikipedia Sodium carbonate is also used to make a very large number of commercial products, such as glass, pulp and paper, soaps and detergents, and textiles. Sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3). Sodium has an atomic number of 1 and atomic mass of 22.98. Other important forms of sodium are soda ash(Na2CO3), baking soda (NaHCO 3), Chili saltpeter (NaNO 3) which is sodium nitrate. It is placed in group 1 of periodic table as it has a single electron in its outer most shell that it readily donates, creating a positively charged ion, the Na+ cation. Sodium chloride or salt (NaCl) Soda ash (Na 2 CO 3) Baking soda (NaHCO 3) Sodium hydroxide or caustic soda (NaOH) Sodium nitrate or Chilean saltpeter (NaNO 3) Sodium Borate or borax (Na 2 B 4 O 7) Interesting facts: It is found free in nature. Sodium Page One. The sodium atom has 11 electrons and 11 protons with one valence electron in the outer shell. Light (for sodium-reduced products) – If the food is “low calorie” and “low fat” and sodium is reduced by at least 50 percent per serving; Light in sodium – If sodium is reduced by at least 50 percent per serving; Remember: Sodium levels vary in the … Sodium is a chemical element with the symbol Na (from Latin "natrium") and atomic number 11. That reaction can be … Characteristics and Properties Sodium in its pure form is very reactive. Sodium Menu. Its only stable isotope is 23Na. Because sodium is extremely reactive, it never occurs in the free state in Earth’s crust. Based upon that oxidation number, an electronic configuration is also given but note that for more exotic compounds you should view this as a guide only. Sodium is an alkali metal located in the first group or column of the periodic table. Sodium is an important constituent of a number of silicate materials, such as feldspars and micas. A sodium blood test (also called a serum sodium test) is a way for your health care provider to measure the amount of sodium in your blood. The general valence electronic configuration of group 1 elements is {eq}{\text{n}}{{\text{s}}^{\text{1}}}. The sodium blood test is often part of a basic metabolic panel. Sodium is a chemical element with atomic number 11 which means there are 11 protons in its nucleus.Total number of protons in the nucleus is called the atomic number of the atom and is given the symbol Z.The total electrical charge of the nucleus is therefore +Ze, where e (elementary charge) equals to 1,602 x 10-19 coulombs. It will ignite spontaneously on water. It is highly reactive. The group number of sodium is 1. Properties and production. Never occurs in the first group or column of the periodic table in... Sodium bicarbonate is dissolved in water, it never occurs in the sun and other.! 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